Between the Wires: The Janowska Camp and the Holocaust in Lviv

Author:Beorn, Waitman, Department of HistoryUniversity of Virginia ORCID icon

This project focuses on the Janowska concentration camp which operated in Lviv from 1941-1944. Janowska distinguished itself from other Nazi concentration sites in several ways. First, it simultaneously performed three tasks: the concentration and use of slave labor, the transport of Jews to the extermination centers, and the local killing of Jews from Lviv on an unprecedented scale. Second, it was urban, located in the city of Lviv. Third, it formed the hub of a social network of perpetrators who left the camp to preside over the Holocaust in camps and ghettos throughout the region before returning. Fourth, it became the focal point of the second longest Nazi trial in German history. Fifth, it generated extensive sources including survivor testimony/memoirs, legal statements, photos, artwork, maps, and portions of the site are still extant today. Lastly, the SS-men of the camp murdered at least 80,000 Jews, a death toll which surpasses Majdanek—a camp included by some as an extermination center. While Janowska was not an extermination center like the Operation Reinhard camps, it was a dedicated, continuously operational killing site whose death toll raises its profile above most other camps who participated in dedicated killing operations.

Holocaust, Poland, Ukraine, German History, Jewish History, Geography
All rights reserved (no additional license for public reuse)
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In Progress

Published Date:
October 26, 2017