The Locklyn Mill of Locust Grove

Author:Caum, Caitlin, AR-Planning DeptUniversity of Virginia

Gristmills like Locklyn Mill transformed the physical and cultural landscape of Locust Grove, Central Virginia, and the globe. At the height of wheat production in Virginia, mills played a large part in sustaining social structures, economic power based on ownership of the land, and community development and eventually, decline. The capitalist-based culture highly relied on the exploitation of land, natural resources, and people into order to thrust a select few into prominence. This presentation explores the history of Locklyn Mill (also known as Cochran’s Mill) in the Charlottesville, Virginia neighborhood of Locust Grove. The mill has a long history related to Penn Park and its owners. The presentation discusses the prominent people in Charlottesville at the time and how these mills contributed to their economic and social power. In addition, not only do mills have an economic value, but they also have a unique cultural importance. These mills were a place for religious worship, recreation, and adventure. This presentation was created as part of the Spring 2021 course ARH 8604 Field Methods I Building Archaeology. The class instructor for this course was PhD Candidate and Landscape Architect, Alissa Ujie Diamond.

Locklyn Mill, Cochran Mill, gristmills, Locust Grove
University of Virginia
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