An Efficient Solution to Traffic Characterization of VBR Video in Quality-of-Service NetworksReport
A network that offers deterministic, i.e., worst-case, quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees to variable-bit-rate (VBR) video must provide a resource reservation mechanism that allocates bandwidth, buffer space, and other resources for each video connection. Such a resource reservation scheme must be carefully designed, otherwise network resources are wasted. A key issue for the design of a resource reservation scheme is the selection of a traffic characterization that specifies the traffic arrivals on a video connection. The traffic characterization should accurately describe the actual arrivals so that a large number of connections can be supported, but it must also map directly into efficient traffic policing mechanisms that monitor arrivals on each connection. In this study, we present a fast and accurate traffic characterization method for stored VBR video in networks with a deterministic service. Our characterization approach approximates the so-called empirical envelope of a video sequence. We use this approximation to obtain a traffic characterization that can be efficiently policed by a small number of leaky buckets. We present a case study where we apply our characterization method to networks that employ a dynamic resource reservation scheme with renegotiation. We use traces from a set of 25-30 minute MPEG sequences to evaluate our method against other characterization schemes from the literature.
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Liebeherr, Jorg, and Dallas Wrege. "An Efficient Solution to Traffic Characterization of VBR Video in Quality-of-Service Networks." University of Virginia Dept. of Computer Science Tech Report (1996).
University of Virginia, Department of Computer Science