Transport of Large-Scale Poloidal Flux in Black Hole Accretion

Article
Author:Hawley, John, Department of AstronomyUniversity of Virginia
Abstract:

We report on a global, three-dimensional GRMHD simulation of an accretion torus embedded in a large-scale vertical magnetic field orbiting a Schwarzschild black hole. This simulation investigates how a large-scale vertical field evolves within a turbulent accretion disk and whether global magnetic field configurations suitable for launching jets and winds can develop. We find that a “coronal mechanism” of magnetic flux motion, which operates largely outside the disk body, dominates global flux evolution. In this mechanism, magnetic stresses driven by orbital shear create large-scale half-loops of magnetic field that stretch radially inward and then reconnect, leading to discontinuous jumps in the location of magnetic flux. In contrast, little or no flux is brought in directly by accretion within the disk itself. The coronal mechanism establishes a dipole magnetic field in the evacuated funnel around the orbital axis with a field intensity regulated by a combination of the magnetic and gas pressures in the inner disk. These results prompt a re-evaluation of previous descriptions of magnetic flux motion associated with accretion. Local pictures are undercut by the intrinsically global character of magnetic flux. Formulations in terms of an “effective viscosity” competing with an “effective resistivity” are undermined by the nonlinearity of the magnetic dynamics and the fact that the same turbulence driving mass motion (traditionally identified as “viscosity”) can alter magnetic topology.

Keywords:
Astrophysics, black hole physics, accretion, magnetohydrodynamics
Rights:
All rights reserved (no additional license for public reuse)
Source Citation:

Hawley, John. "Transport of Large-Scale Poloidal Flux in Black Hole Accretion." Astrophysical Journal v707 (2009): 428-445.

Publisher:
American Astronomical Society
Published Date:
2009
Sponsoring Agency:
NSF PHY-0205155, AST-0507455NASA NNX09AD14G
Notes:

This work has passed a peer-review process.