Application-Layer Multicasting with Delaunay Triangulation OverlaysReport
Application-layer multicast supports group applications without the need for a network-layer multicast protocol. Here, applications arrange themselves in a logical overlay network and transfer data within the overlay. In this paper, we present an application-layer multicast solutionthat uses a Delaunay triangulation as an overlay network topology. An advantage of using a Delaunay triangulation is that it allows each application to locally derive next-hop routing information without requiring a routing protocol in the overlay. A disadvantage of using a Delaunay triangulation is that the mapping of the overlay to the network topology at the network and data link layer may be suboptimal. We present a protocol, called "Delaunay Triangulation (DT)" protocol, which constructs Delaunay triangulation overlay networks. We present measurement experiments of the DT protocol for overlay networks with up to 10,000 members, that are running on a local PC cluster with 100 Linux PCs. The results show that the protocol stabilizes quickly, e.g., an overlay network with 10,000 nodes can be built in just over 30 seconds. The traffic measurements indicate that the average overhead of a node is only a few kilobits per second if the overlay network is in a steady state. Results of throughput experiments of multicast transmissions (using TCP unicast connections between neighbors in the overlay network) show an achievable throughput of approximately 15 Mbps in an overlay with 100 nodes and 2 Mbps in an overlay with 1,000 nodes.
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Liebeherr, J, M Nahas, and W Si. "Application-Layer Multicasting with Delaunay Triangulation Overlays." University of Virginia Dept. of Computer Science Tech Report (2001).
University of Virginia, Department of Computer Science