Ultrasound-aided Multi-parametric Photoacoustic Microscopy of the Mouse Brain

Article
Authors:Ning, Bo, Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of Virginia ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-6006-5696Hu, Song, Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of Virginia Sun, Naidi, Engineering Graduate-sengUniversity of Virginia Cao, Rui, Engineering Graduate-cengUniversity of Virginia ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-4444-7528Hossack, John, Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of Virginia
Abstract:

High-resolution quantitative imaging of cerebral oxygen metabolism in mice is crucial for understanding brain functions and formulating new strategies to treat neurological disorders, but remains a challenge. Here, we report on our newly developed ultrasound-aided multi-parametric photoacoustic microscopy (PAM), which enables simultaneous quantification of the total concentration of hemoglobin (CHb), the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (sO2), and cerebral blood flow (CBF) at the microscopic level and through the intact mouse skull. The three-dimensional skull and vascular anatomies delineated by the dual-contrast (i.e., ultrasonic and photoacoustic) system provide important guidance for dynamically focused contour scan and vessel orientation-dependent correction of CBF, respectively. Moreover, bi-directional raster scan allows determining the direction of blood flow in individual vessels. Capable of imaging all three hemodynamic parameters at the same spatiotemporal scale, our ultrasound-aided PAM fills a critical gap in preclinical neuroimaging and lays the foundation for high-resolution mapping of the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2)—a quantitative index of cerebral oxygen metabolism. This technical innovation is expected to shed new light on the mechanism and treatment of a broad spectrum of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease and ischemic stroke.

Keywords:
Brain imaging, photoacoustic, optical resolution, oxygen metabolism
Rights:
All rights reserved (no additional license for public reuse)
Language:
English
Source Citation:

Ning, B. et al. Ultrasound-aided Multi-parametric Photoacoustic Microscopy of the Mouse Brain. Sci. Rep. 5, 18775; doi: 10.1038/srep18775 (2015).

Publisher:
University of Virginia
Published Date:
August 30, 2017