Putting Communities at the Center of Connected, Automated MobilityConference Paper
This project explores ways that communities can reclaim control over their streets as Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) and associated technologies become part of the urban fabric. The historic loss of flexible public space associated with the introduction of cars in the early 20th century and emerging concerns about management of CAVs today indicate that local governments and communities must find new ways to assert control over the planning and operation of streets. We define how technology can serve as a common language between communities and CAVs, allowing localities additional participation into the management of streets and what the rules of a CAV-accessible road network should be. Critical to this approach is a direct relationship between policy and technology, with planners and regulators using technology to accomplish long-standing social objectives. Our analysis builds on prior work in transportation planning, policy, engineering, and sociology. We investigate how cities and communities have already begun to reimagine the use and management of streets in the face of disruptive technologies and diverse needs for which existing practices are inadequate. Building on current efforts in transportation planning, particularly efforts to increase flexibility and “tactical” action in streets, we propose strategies for increasing local control over urban streets using technologies inherent to CAVs. These strategies do not prescribe a single approach for all streets, but acknowledge differences of place and culture by returning decision-making power to the people living alongside those streets.
transportation, streets, connected vehicles, automated vehicles, tactical urbanism, regulation, flexible streets
University of Virginia
April 07, 2019